Photography at the Bauhaus
Founded by the architect Walter Gropius (1883–1969) in 1919, the Bauhaus was a utopian haven for avant-garde artists during the period of radical change and tenuous peace in Germany after World War I. A war veteran, Gropius found his battered country badly in need of rejuvenation and believed that the collective of Bauhaus artists could play an important role in that process. Based on the concept of the medieval cooperative of artists and craftsmen combining their talents to build the great Gothic cathedrals, the progressive school of art and design sought to bring together the fine and applied arts, human ingenuity, and modern technology in order to help construct a new rational, egalitarian, and ordered society.
read more at this excellent overview from the MET as well as related articles on photography from the same period