After 1960, the Constructivist and Expressionist notions that art represented either the order of the outside world or the inner essence of the artist, withered under critical scrutiny. New artists such as Swiss sculptor Jean Tinguely began to concentrate on technology and urban society. His "kinetic
Credited as a founding father of Pop, Minimalism, and Conceptual art, Jasper Johns was one of the first painters to use everyday objects and commonplace images in his art, thus paving the way for artists like Warhol and Oldenburg.
Beginning in the mid-'50s, Johns painted canvases that depict, or s
Alexander Calder brought motion to sculpture. An incredibly playful spirit, Calder channeled his joy into a deeply informed and influential body of work that spans mediums from simple line drawings to massive steel sculptures. Calder's work reminds us of childhood fantasies like infinite slides and
Laurie Anderson trained as a violinist, art historian, sculptor, and more recently, as a poet. For those familiar with her work, the mere mention of her name is enough to start a multimedia memory extravaganza.
Anderson embraced multiple technologies before "multimedia" became an unhyphenated wor