From an early age, Joyce disdained what he saw as the shabby Philistinism of his birthplace, Dublin, rejecting the Catholicism that dominated Irish culture in favor of a literary faith and a rebel's stance. Absolutely convinced of his genius, Joyce left for self-imposed exile in Europe in 1904, and b
According to Critic JoAnn Cannon, the key to Italo Calvino's renowned final novel, "Mr. Palomar" (1983), lies in several innovative literary ideas outlined in three essays written in the 1950s (and now included in the 1982 collection "Una pietra sopa"). These essays grappled with his contemporaries'
The works of German painter Anselm Kiefer explore the intersection of Germany's recent history and the artist's individual experiences. The myths and realities of Nazism meet personal iconography in works of roaring emotionality that blur the line between the symbolic and the real. His theory of the
The mystically inspired Louis Kahn was born in Estonia and raised in the United States. He acquired a thorough grounding in the Beaux-Art school of architecture and worked through the 1920s and 1930s first as a draughtsman and then as a head designer. Kahn infused his buildings with monumentalism, ri