Alexander Calder brought motion to sculpture. An incredibly playful spirit, Calder channeled his joy into a deeply informed and influential body of work that spans mediums from simple line drawings to massive steel sculptures. Calder's work reminds us of childhood fantasies like infinite slides and
Gaping orifices stuffed full with skulls, orifices sprouting trees, fingers pointing towards orifices, orifices inside of which open still more orifices -- in short, an entire art of the orifice. Such is the production of Francesco Clemente, Neo-Expressionist painter and leading figure of the Italian
Although she is one of the twentieth-century artists who made Modernism unmistakably American, Georgia O'Keeffe channeled the European influences of Rodin, Matisse, and Picasso into an extremely personal vision of landscape. Encouraged by Arthur Wesley Dow's fusion of Japanese art, Art Nouveau's app
Credited as a founding father of Pop, Minimalism, and Conceptual art, Jasper Johns was one of the first painters to use everyday objects and commonplace images in his art, thus paving the way for artists like Warhol and Oldenburg.
Beginning in the mid-'50s, Johns painted canvases that depict, or s