A provocateur par excellence, Joseph Beuys never ceased to emphasize the act of art or to conceive of art itself as an action. His entire oeuvre aims at dissolving the distinction between art and life, at recognizing creativity in every milieu, whether it be in the way an artist paints a canvas or a
Basquiat emerged from the New York underground when he transferred his simplistic, figural graffiti to canvases full of dark, graphic picture-stories that served as emblems of the under-privileged. While the trend-hungry art world cashed in on Graffiti artists such as Keith Haring and Fab 5 Freddy, B
After 1960, the Constructivist and Expressionist notions that art represented either the order of the outside world or the inner essence of the artist, withered under critical scrutiny. New artists such as Swiss sculptor Jean Tinguely began to concentrate on technology and urban society. His "kinetic
Credited as a founding father of Pop, Minimalism, and Conceptual art, Jasper Johns was one of the first painters to use everyday objects and commonplace images in his art, thus paving the way for artists like Warhol and Oldenburg.
Beginning in the mid-'50s, Johns painted canvases that depict, or s