The medium didn't matter, but the object meant everything. Whether he was using his canvas for a Cubist experiment or his camera for an avant-garde digression, Fernand Leger always placed the object at the center of his work.
Leger was the only French Cubist to devote himself, throughout his c
Jean Epstein had a theory. The star of his theory was the machine -- an anti-hero, a character the audience loved to hate. Epstein recognized the machine as an extension of humans, who manipulate objects, but magnificently immortal. A filmmaker, Epstein cast the camera, his own personal extension, in
It was at an Abel Gance retrospective in 1967 that Henri Langlois broke the news. Film historians had always considered Gance's "La Folie du Docteur Tube" (1915) a harbinger of Surrealism. But, Langlois explained, its extraordinary mess of distortion and hallucination was an accident. The opening
Theresa Hak Kyung Cha's best-known work is currently out of print. Cha was murdered in 1982, and while foundations and archives preserve her work, and critics continue to trace out her multiple influences, this writer and multimedia Performance artist can only be explored by the average person throug